Muscular Dystrophy Care

Muscular dystrophy is a name for genetic disorders that cause muscle weakness. Muscular dystrophy causes muscles to break down over time, creating fatty deposits. There are more than 30 types of muscular dystrophy; the types vary from mild to severe and affect different muscles. Some types appear in childhood, while others do not appear until adulthood.

Types of Muscular Dystrophy

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD): The most common form of muscular dystrophy. It begins between ages 2 and 5.
  • Becker: The second most-common type of muscular dystrophy. While similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy, this type is less severe.
  • Distal: This is a less severe form that usually advances slowly. This type is also called distal myopathy.
  • Emery-Dreifuss: This type causes weakness and affects the lower leg and upper arm muscles.
  • Facioscapulohumeral: This type affects the face, upper arms and shoulder muscles.
  • Limb-girdle: This is a group of more than 20 inherited conditions that cause muscle loss and weakness over time.
  • Myotonic dystrophy: This is the most common type of muscular dystrophy in adults. Symptoms can appear in infancy or childhood.

Muscular Dystrophy Symptoms

  • Trouble getting up from sitting or lying down (Gowers’ sign)
  • Awkward, clumsy movement
  • Trouble climbing stairs
  • Frequent trips and falls
  • Inability to jump or hop well
  • Walking on tiptoes
  • Leg pain
  • Not able to close eyes or whistle
  • Weakness in the shoulder and arms

Treatment Options

Treatment plans are based on:

  • Your child’s age
  • Muscular dystrophy type
  • Extent of the condition
  • How your child reacts to medications, procedures or therapies

Nonsurgical options can include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Braces and splints
  • Positioning aids
  • Medications
  • Counseling

Surgery may be considered to help with your child’s ability to stand or sit. Surgery may be needed if your child experiences scoliosis.

Follow-Up

Muscular dystrophy is a lifelong condition. We work with you to maximize your child’s functional potential.

Orthopedics – 5678

Contact Us

Connect with Norton Children’s Orthopedics of Louisville.

(502) 394-5678

Hip pain in teens: What could it be?

Hip pain is surprisingly common in children and teens. Pain can develop in the hip for a number of reasons. What are some of the main causes of hip pain in teens? Understanding your child’s […]

Read Full Story

Spine surgery using 3D technology saves Indiana girl from paralysis

An innovative surgery using 3D printing technology is alleviating pain for some of the most critical and complicated cases. A 13-year-old girl from Clarksville, Indiana is one of those cases. Haley Kessinger was born with […]

Read Full Story

What is a growth plate fracture?

Everyone of us, young and old, is at risk for taking a stumble and breaking a bone, an injury also called a fracture. Children, however, are at risk for an additional type of injury: the […]

Read Full Story

‘Text neck’ syndrome and some ways to ease the strain

We’ve all heard about the dangers of too much screen time for kids. Now, there is a new health concern about a possible physical injury associated with spending all that time on the phone: “text neck” […]

Read Full Story

Facts about spina bifida every parent should know

October is National Spina Bifida Awareness Month. Spina bifida is the most common permanently disabling birth defect in the U.S. The condition affects 1,500 children each year. What do you know about the condition? Learn […]

Read Full Story
Related Stories

Hip pain in teens: What could it be?

Hip pain is surprisingly common in children and teens. Pain can develop in the hip for a number of reasons. What are some of the main causes of hip pain in teens? Understanding your child’s […]

Read Full Story

Spine surgery using 3D technology saves Indiana girl from paralysis

An innovative surgery using 3D printing technology is alleviating pain for some of the most critical and complicated cases. A 13-year-old girl from Clarksville, Indiana is one of those cases. Haley Kessinger was born with […]

Read Full Story

What is a growth plate fracture?

Everyone of us, young and old, is at risk for taking a stumble and breaking a bone, an injury also called a fracture. Children, however, are at risk for an additional type of injury: the […]

Read Full Story

‘Text neck’ syndrome and some ways to ease the strain

We’ve all heard about the dangers of too much screen time for kids. Now, there is a new health concern about a possible physical injury associated with spending all that time on the phone: “text neck” […]

Read Full Story

Facts about spina bifida every parent should know

October is National Spina Bifida Awareness Month. Spina bifida is the most common permanently disabling birth defect in the U.S. The condition affects 1,500 children each year. What do you know about the condition? Learn […]

Read Full Story

Search our entire site.