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Pneumonia is inflammation in the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses or chemical irritants. It is a serious condition in which the air sacs fill with pus and other fluid. The pediatric pulmonologists with Norton Children’s Pulmonology, affiliated with the UofL School of Medicine, have the training and expertise to treat pneumonia in children.

Pneumonia Symptoms

The main types of pneumonia include:

  • Bacterial pneumonia: Various types of bacteria can cause this. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause, but other bacteria that cause pneumonia include group A and group B Streptococcus, and Staphylococcus aureus
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia: This type usually does not begin with common cold symptoms. It may include fever and cough, with the cough becoming persistent for three to four weeks, producing some mucus.
  • Viral pneumonia: This type is caused by various viruses, including respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), influenza and adenovirus

Pneumonia Symptoms

Different types of pneumonia share similar symptoms. Symptoms may include:

  • Breathing fast or heavy
  • Chest pain
  • Chills
  • Decrease or loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Fussiness or change in personality
  • Headache
  • Stomach pain
  • Vomiting

Pneumonia Treatment

The pediatric pulmonologists with Norton Children’s Pulmonology create a care plan based on each child’s age, current health and medical history. Some treatments may include:

  • Antibiotics for bacterial and mycoplasma pneumonia
  • Cough medication
  • Nebulizer treatment
  • Increased fluids

Children with severe breathing issues may need treatment in the hospital. Treatment may include:

  • Intravenous (IV) or oral antibiotics
  • Fluids via IV if the child is unable to drink
  • Frequent suctioning of the child’s nose and mouth
  • Nebulizer treatments
  • Oxygen therapy

Pediatric Pulmonary Center

Our center specializes in caring for children with any type of respiratory disorder. Careful consideration is given to prescribe the best possible method of therapy following nationally accepted guidelines for treating pneumonia, where applicable.

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