Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial lung disease, also called diffuse lung disease, is a group of rare lung disorders that can range from mild to life-threatening. These disorders can affect how much oxygen can get to the body, and many can cause inflammation and/or scarring of lung tissue. The pediatric pulmonologists with Norton Children’s Pulmonology, affiliated with the UofL School of Medicine, have the training and expertise to care for childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD).

What Is Childhood Interstitial Lung Disease?

There are many forms of chILD. Some are genetic and can be inherited, while others may develop due to an illness or injury to the lungs. The disorders usually cause symptoms such as:

  • Scarring in the lungs (fibrosis)
  • Decreased oxygen levels
  • Abnormal breathing patterns, such as fast or labored breathing

Many conditions can cause symptoms similar to interstitial lung disease. Our pediatric pulmonologists have extensive experience in diagnosing these conditions and treating accordingly.

Interstitial Lung Diseases We Treat

  • Acute interstitial pneumonia/pneumonitis
  • Alveolar capillary dysplasia
  • Alveolar hemorrhage syndromes (pulmonary capillaritis, acute idiopathic pulmonary hemorrhage of infancy and idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis)
  • Aspiration-associated lung disease
  • Autoimmune- or rheumatologic-related lung disease
  • Bone marrow transplant associated lung disease/graft-versus-host lung disease
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans
  • Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia [BOOP])
  • Desquamative interstitial pneumonia
  • DNA repair disorders
  • Drug-induced lung disease
  • Eosinophilic pneumonia
  • Lung disease due to filamin A mutations
  • Follicular bronchiolitis
  • Pulmonary growth abnormalities
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
  • Hypereosinophilic disorders
  • Immune-mediated lung disease
  • Immunocompromised host-associated lung disease
  • Primary immunodeficiency-associated lung disease
  • Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia
  • Lysosomal storage disorders
  • Neuroendocrine hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI)
  • Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia
  • Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
  • Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG)
  • Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis
  • Pulmonary histiocytosis
  • Pulmonary lymphangiectasia
  • Pulmonary lymphangiomatosis (generalized lymphatic anomaly)
  • Pulmonary vascular disorders
  • Pulmonary sarcoidosis
  • Radiation- and chemotherapy-induced lung disease
  • Surfactant gene mutation-associated lung disease (SP-B, SP-C, ABCA3, TTF-1, GMCSF receptor)
  • Telomere biology disorders (dyskeratosis congenita)

Interstitial Lung Disease Treatment

The pediatric pulmonologists with Norton Children’s Pulmonology create a unique care plan for each child based on their chILD diagnosis. Treatment is based on the child’s health history and current condition. Treatment goals for chILD include:

  • Prevent further lung damage
  • Prevent low blood oxygen
  • Reduce extra strain on breathing
  • Nutritional support to help promote growth

Our pulmonologists work with providers throughout the Norton Children’s network should a child need further specialist care.

Pediatric Pulmonary Center

Our center specializes in caring for children with any type of respiratory disorder. Careful consideration is given to prescribe the best possible method of therapy following nationally accepted guidelines for treating child and other rare lung diseases, where applicable.

Pulmonology – 4940

Norton Children’s Pulmonology

Call for More Information

(502) 588-4940

Biologics for asthma can help limit children’s asthma attacks, other severe symptoms

For children with severe asthma who continue to have symptoms despite using daily controller inhalers, a newer type of therapy called biologics could be able to offer them some much-needed relief. “Biologics significantly can help [...]

Read Full Story

New breakthrough drugs for cystic fibrosis are helping kids feel better

There is no cure for cystic fibrosis (CF), but breakthrough new drugs recently have been approved for children as young as 4 months, with more in the research stages that target the genetic mutations responsible [...]

Read Full Story

How to prevent RSV and bronchiolitis in babies

Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract infection that often appears in children younger than 2 years old. Bronchiolitis develops when the tiny airways in the lungs, called bronchioles, become infected by a virus, swell […]

Read Full Story

Study to look at effects of new greenery on children’s asthma

A new study by Norton Children’s Pulmonology, affiliated with the UofL School of Medicine, will examine whether more trees and other plants in a neighborhood affects children’s asthma. The team, led by pediatric pulmonologist Scott […]

Read Full Story

Are there certain foods that help asthma? Foods high in vitamin D and antioxidants might

Are there foods that help asthma? There are indications that foods laden with vitamin D, such as oily fish like salmon, egg yolks, and fruits and vegetables high in antioxidants may help asthma, but there’s […]

Read Full Story
Related Stories

Biologics for asthma can help limit children’s asthma attacks, other severe symptoms

For children with severe asthma who continue to have symptoms despite using daily controller inhalers, a newer type of therapy called biologics could be able to offer them some much-needed relief. “Biologics significantly can help [...]

Read Full Story

New breakthrough drugs for cystic fibrosis are helping kids feel better

There is no cure for cystic fibrosis (CF), but breakthrough new drugs recently have been approved for children as young as 4 months, with more in the research stages that target the genetic mutations responsible [...]

Read Full Story

How to prevent RSV and bronchiolitis in babies

Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract infection that often appears in children younger than 2 years old. Bronchiolitis develops when the tiny airways in the lungs, called bronchioles, become infected by a virus, swell […]

Read Full Story

Study to look at effects of new greenery on children’s asthma

A new study by Norton Children’s Pulmonology, affiliated with the UofL School of Medicine, will examine whether more trees and other plants in a neighborhood affects children’s asthma. The team, led by pediatric pulmonologist Scott […]

Read Full Story

Are there certain foods that help asthma? Foods high in vitamin D and antioxidants might

Are there foods that help asthma? There are indications that foods laden with vitamin D, such as oily fish like salmon, egg yolks, and fruits and vegetables high in antioxidants may help asthma, but there’s […]

Read Full Story

Search our entire site.