Norton Children’s board-certified and fellowship-trained neurologists and neurosurgeons are the leading providers of dystonia care in children in Louisville, Kentucky, and Southern Indiana.
Norton Children’s Hospital is the pediatric teaching hospital for the University of Louisville School of Medicine. Our physicians have experience in their fields and are training the next generation of pediatric specialists.
We’ll determine the severity of your child’s dystonia and create a treatment plan that minimizes risk so your child can get back to being a kid again.
What Is Dystonia?
Dystonia is a sustained, abnormal contraction of muscles that causes an abnormal posture in the affected body part. It can happen to any part of the body. It also can involve a single part of the body or can be widespread.
In many cases, we do not know the cause of dystonia. Some forms occur as part of a genetic abnormality. Certain medications also can cause dystonia.
How Is Dystonia Diagnosed?
The diagnosis is based on a description of the movements and a neurological examination. Electromyography and nerve conduction studies can be helpful as well, and our team may recommend them. Imaging studies (MRI of the brain) and certain blood tests may help evaluate for other causes of dystonia.
Some medications are available to help improve dystonia. Our team’s goal is to improve your child’s comfort, function and quality of life.
When the abnormal movements involve a small area of the body, our team can prescribe botulism toxin injections, which usually are given every three months.
In rare cases of more severe dystonia, our team may discuss surgical options with you. One option includes a deep brain stimulator that a surgeon places in the brain to help interrupt the abnormal brain signals causing the dystonia.