Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in the United States. The number of children and teens developing Type 2 diabetes has been on the rise for the past few decades. This disorder happens when the body is unable to make enough insulin or does not metabolize insulin correctly. Without the appropriate amount in insulin, our bodies cannot move glucose (blood sugar) into cells.

While the cause of Type 2 diabetes is unknown, it may run in families. A child may need another factor, such as being overweight or inactivity, to develop the condition.

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors

These factors can put a child at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes:

  • Age (risk increases with age)
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Being part of a racial or ethnic group that is more likely to develop the condition, including Latinos, African Americans and Native Americans
  • Being overweight
  • Inactivity (not exercising or getting enough movement during the day)
  • Low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels (HDL is the “good cholesterol”)
  • High triglyceride levels

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Each child can experience Type 2 diabetes symptoms differently, but some of the more common symptoms include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Dry skin
  • Going to the bathroom frequently
  • Feeling extremely hungry and losing weight
  • Feeling thirsty all the time
  • Frequent infections that are
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • High blood sugar levels
  • High levels of sugar in the urine
  • Irritability and mood issues
  • Tingling or losing feeling in hands or feet

Some children may not show symptoms. Type 2 diabetes also can resemble other medical issues, so talk to your child’s pediatrician about any changes you notice in your child.

Type 2 Diabetes Testing and Diagnosis

Depending on your child’s symptoms, your child’s pediatrician may do blood tests to understand:

  • If your child currently has high blood sugar
  • If your child has had high blood sugar over the past three months (A1C, the common name for hemoglobin A1C)

Type 2 Diabetes Treatments

If your child is diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, their pediatrician may refer you to a pediatric endocrinologist. A pediatric endocrinologist will work with you to develop a unique treatment plan for your child. Type 2 diabetes treatment is focused on helping the child keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. This will include blood sugar monitoring, physical activity, focus on diet and regular checkups.

Treatments may include:

  • Exercise program
  • Diet with focus on weight control
  • Insulin replacement therapy
  • Oral and/or other injectable medications aimed to improve blood sugar levels
Endocronology

Norton Children’s Endocrinology

Specialized children’s endocrinology care
Call (502) 588-3400

Severe vitamin D deficiency in children can lead to rickets

A severe vitamin D deficiency in children can lead to rickets — a disease of the bones’ growth plates that can slow growth and deform bones. Sunlight is the primary source of vitamin D. Another […]

Read Full Story

Puberty blockers for gender affirmation

Puberty blockers are medications that halt the production of estrogen or testosterone, hormones that play a role in the development of secondary sex characteristics. Secondary sex characteristics are the features that develop and appear during […]

Read Full Story

Social gender affirmation may help lessen depression, anxiety in gender diverse children

Transgender children are more at risk for depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts than their non-transgender peers, according to researchers. Social transitioning, or social gender affirmation, is a way for children to express their […]

Read Full Story

Living with — and treating —Type 1 diabetes

Living with Type 1 diabetes touches every aspect of a person’s life — children, teens and their families learn to manage and live with the condition. Many with Type 1 diabetes found their way to […]

Read Full Story

Helping kids thrive while facing the challenges of being LGBTQ+

LGBTQ kids face a higher risk of discrimination, bullying, harassment and family rejection. For many, these burdens affect their health. “LGBTQ individuals often encounter more obstacles compared with their peers,” said Suzanne E. Kingery, M.D., […]

Read Full Story
Related Stories

Severe vitamin D deficiency in children can lead to rickets

A severe vitamin D deficiency in children can lead to rickets — a disease of the bones’ growth plates that can slow growth and deform bones. Sunlight is the primary source of vitamin D. Another […]

Read Full Story

Puberty blockers for gender affirmation

Puberty blockers are medications that halt the production of estrogen or testosterone, hormones that play a role in the development of secondary sex characteristics. Secondary sex characteristics are the features that develop and appear during […]

Read Full Story

Social gender affirmation may help lessen depression, anxiety in gender diverse children

Transgender children are more at risk for depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts than their non-transgender peers, according to researchers. Social transitioning, or social gender affirmation, is a way for children to express their […]

Read Full Story

Living with — and treating —Type 1 diabetes

Living with Type 1 diabetes touches every aspect of a person’s life — children, teens and their families learn to manage and live with the condition. Many with Type 1 diabetes found their way to […]

Read Full Story

Helping kids thrive while facing the challenges of being LGBTQ+

LGBTQ kids face a higher risk of discrimination, bullying, harassment and family rejection. For many, these burdens affect their health. “LGBTQ individuals often encounter more obstacles compared with their peers,” said Suzanne E. Kingery, M.D., […]

Read Full Story

Search our entire site.