Ovarian Cyst or Tumor

Norton Children’s Gynecology in Louisville is the only practice in Kentucky dedicated to gynecological care of children, adolescents and young women. Our specialists treat ovarian cysts and tumors with expertise and with an understanding of the unique needs of girls and young women.

An ovarian cyst or tumor can cause an ovarian mass.

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs. They’re typically noncancerous and often disappear on their own. As the ovaries produce eggs, they develop a fluid-filled sac (called a follicle) that protects the egg. This sac usually ruptures and releases the egg. If that doesn’t happen, it can develop into a cyst.

Ovarian tumors are less common than cysts. Tumors may be benign (noncancerous) or cancerous.

Either type of mass can appear individually or in clusters, on one or both ovaries.

Ovarian Cyst or Tumor Causes and Symptoms

In adolescents, hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle can cause ovarian cysts to develop. The cause of ovarian masses in infants and children is unknown.

Symptoms of an ovarian mass can depend on the size, location and type of growth, though sometimes there are no symptoms at all. Possible symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pressure
  • Frequent urination
  • Trouble urinating or having a bowel movement
  • Bloating
  • Pelvic pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

When an ovarian mass occurs in a young girl — under the age of 8 — she may experience a rise in estrogen. This hormonal spike could cause:

  • Breast enlargement
  • Pubic hair
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Abnormal menstrual bleeding

Ovarian Mass Treatment

How our team treats an ovarian mass will depend on its cause and symptoms. We understand the unique needs of treating girls and young women, and we use techniques specially designed to care for such patients. Careful monitoring might be recommended in cases where there are no symptoms. In other instances, surgical removal may be required. If the mass is cancerous, additional treatment might be needed at Norton Children’s Cancer Institute.

Gynecology – 1750

Contact Us

Schedule an appointment with a pediatric gynecologist.

(502) 559-1750


Download Patient Packet

Talking to your kids about sexual health, puberty

Growing up in today’s world presents different challenges than even a couple of decades ago. However, some things don’t change: It is important for parents and guardians to start conversations about puberty and sexual health […]

Read Full Story

Norton Children’s Hospital unveils final phase of NICU renovations

A newly renovated neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Norton Children’s Hospital was unveiled Feb. 13 as the culmination of a five-phase, $22.1 million project to update existing NICU space to a developmental model of […]

Read Full Story

‘Super Drew’ recovered from brain surgery and is raising money to help the next kids

Drew Esposito, “Super Drew” to those who know him, spent almost half a year in the Addison Jo Blair Cancer Care Center at Norton Children’s Hospital. When the 5-year-old returned in January, it wasn’t as […]

Read Full Story

How to prevent strep throat

When your child comes down with strep throat, you may be inclined to think, “Who’s next?” That doesn’t have to be the case. While this illness can be passed easily from one person to another, […]

Read Full Story

Antibiotics: Why your pediatrician may not prescribe them

Your child is in the pediatrician’s office with a fever, and you find yourself asking why the doctor didn’t prescribe an antibiotic. Or, you wonder what’s the harm in trying an antibiotic? Antibiotics are just […]

Read Full Story

Search our entire site.