Electrolyte Imbalance

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Many factors affect the kidneys and how they work, including key minerals such as calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium, often called electrolytes. The kidneys can cause electrolyte imbalances, such as too much or too little sodium or potassium, as well as dehydration and fluid retention.

The fellowship-trained, board-certified pediatric nephrologists with Norton Children’s Nephrology, affiliated with the UofL School of Medicine, have the training and experience to treat children experiencing electrolyte imbalances.

What Is Electrolyte Imbalance?

When the amount of electrolytes in the body is considered too high or too low, it is called an electrolyte imbalance.

Electrolyte Imbalance Symptoms

Symptoms of an electrolyte imbalance can include:

  • Constipation
  • Cramping, twitching or weak muscles
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Electrolyte Imbalance Treatment

Treatment for an electrolyte imbalance can include:

  • Intravenous fluids (IV fluids)
  • Medications

For severe cases, your child’s nephrologist may recommend hemodialysis.

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