Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The board-certified pediatric gastroenterologists with Norton Children’s Gastroenterology, affiliated with the UofL School of Medicine, provide specialized gastrointestinal (GI) care for ulcerative colitis.
Ulcerative colitis happens when there are continuous segments of inflammation in the large intestine (colon) and rectum. The condition causes the body’s immune system to attack the healthy cells of the inner part of the intestinal wall, causing inflammation.
Like many inflammatory diseases, the precise cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. Research suggests there are genetic, environmental and immunologic factors that may trigger the body’s immune system to create inflammation.
Ulcerative colitis symptoms can vary from child to child. It is a chronic condition, meaning a child will have periods of no symptoms (remission) and periods when they do have symptoms (flare).
Some symptoms are more common than others, including bloody diarrhea. Other symptoms can include:
The board-certified pediatric gastroenterologists with Norton Children’s Gastroenterology will work with your child to develop a unique treatment plan based on your child’s age, symptoms and current condition. Treatment aims to relieve symptoms, reduce flares as well as heal the intestine. Each child is different, and the treatment plan may include: