More children will now know the joys of a PB&J, a Reese’s cup and hundreds of other treats otherwise off-limits.
That’s because new research shows that introducing babies to peanut-containing foods can protect their immune system from developing a peanut allergy — one of the most serious, and potentially fatal, food allergies.
Several large studies, including this one, show that babies at high risk for becoming allergic to peanuts are less likely to develop the allergy if they are regularly fed peanut-containing foods during their first year of life.
These results prompted the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to issue a major change to guidelines regarding food allergies.
The NIH guidelines say most babies should start eating peanut-based foods starting between 4 and 6 months of age, depending on their risk.
“The NIH guidelines place children into one of three risk categories,” said Jameel T. Clark, M.D., pediatrician with Norton Children’s Medical Associates – Dixie. “The high-risk group consists of children with severe eczema, an egg allergy or both. These children should have specific allergy testing (often by an allergist) to determine if early introduction of peanut products is best for them.”
Moderate-risk children are those with mild to moderate eczema. The guidelines support introducing peanut products at around 6 months of age. And low-risk children with no history of eczema or other food allergies can be introduced to peanut products between 6 and 12 months.
“In general, it is important for parents to have introduced other solid foods first to be sure the infant is able to tolerate solid foods,” Dr. Clark said.
Parents previously were advised to hold off on introducing peanut-containing foods until a child is age 3 or older, especially if there is a family history of allergies. Now, a family history is all the more reason to start babies on peanut-containing foods — even a baby’s sibling.
Parents should never give a small child whole peanuts or peanut butter, which pose choking hazards.
“Examples of safe ways to introduce peanut-based foods into a baby’s diet include 1 teaspoon of smooth peanut butter mixed with breast milk, formula or puréed fruit,” Dr. Clark said. “Another safe option is finely ground peanuts mixed with yogurt.”
Talk to your baby’s pediatrician before starting them on peanut-containing foods or if you have questions about peanut allergies.
Looking for a pediatrician? Find a Norton Children’s pediatrician here.