How ADHD Affects Kids ADHD causes kids to be more distractible, hyperactive, and impulsive than is normal for their age. ADHD makes it harder for kids to develop the skills that control attention, behavior, emotions, and activity. As a result, they often act in ways that are difficult for parents manage. For example, because they are distractible, kids with ADHD may: seem not to listen have trouble paying attention not follow directions well need many reminders to do things show poor effort in schoolwork Because they are hyperactive, kids with ADHD may: climb, jump, or roughhouse when it's time to play quietly be disorganized or messy fidget and seem unable to sit still rush instead of take their time make careless mistakes Because they are impulsive, kids with ADHD may: interrupt a lot do things without thinking do things they shouldn't, even though they know better have trouble waiting, taking turns, or sharing have emotional outbursts, lose their temper, or lack self-control At first, parents might not realize that these behaviors are part of ADHD. It may seem like a child is just misbehaving. ADHD can leave parents feeling stressed, frustrated, or disrespected. Parents may feel embarrassed about what others think of their child's behavior. They may wonder if they did something to cause it. But for kids with ADHD, the skills that control attention, behavior, and activity don't come naturally. When parents learn about ADHD and which parenting approaches work best, they can help kids improve and do well. What Parents Can Do Parenting is as important as any other part of ADHD treatment. The way parents respond can make ADHD better — or worse. If your child has been diagnosed with ADHD: Be involved. Learn all you can about ADHD. Follow the treatment your child's provider recommends. Keep all recommended therapy appointments. If your child takes ADHD medicines, give them at the recommended time. Don't change the dose without checking with your doctor. Keep your child's medicines in a safe place where others can't get to them. Know how ADHD affects your child. Every child is different. Identify the difficulties your child has because of ADHD. Some kids need to get better at paying attention and listening. Others need to get better at slowing down. Ask your child's therapist for tips and ways you can help your child practice and improve. Focus on teaching your child one thing at a time. Don't try to work on everything at once. Start small. Pick one thing to focus on. Praise your child's effort. Discipline with purpose and warmth. Learn what discipline approaches are best for a child with ADHD and which can make ADHD worse. Get coaching from your child's therapist on ways to respond to your child's behaviors. Kids with ADHD might be sensitive to criticism. Correcting their behavior is best done in a way that's encouraging and supportive rather than punishing. Set clear expectations. Before you go somewhere, talk with your child to explain how you want him to behave. Focus more energy on teaching your child what to do, rather than reacting to what not to do. Talk about it. Don't shy away from talking with your child about ADHD. Help kids understand that having ADHD is not their fault, and that they can learn ways to improve the problems it causes. Spend special time together every day. Make time to talk and enjoy relaxing, fun activities with your child — even if it's just for a few minutes. Give your child your full attention. Compliment positive behaviors. Don't over-praise, but do comment when your child does something good. For example, when your child waits her turn, say, "You're taking turns so nicely." Your relationship with your child matters most. Kids with ADHD often feel they're letting others down, doing things wrong, or not being "good." Protect your child's self-esteem by being patient, understanding, and accepting. Let your child know you believe in him and see all the good things about him. Build resilience by keeping your relationship with your child positive and loving. Work with your child's school. Talk with your child's teacher to find out if your child should have an IEP. Meet often with your child's teacher to find out how your child is doing. Work with the teacher to help your child do well. Connect with others for support and awareness. Join a support organization for ADHD like CHADD to get updates on treatment and info, etc. Find out if you have ADHD. ADHD is often inherited. Parents (or other relatives) of kids with ADHD might not know they have it too. When parents with ADHD get diagnosed and treated, it helps them be at their best as parents. Back to Articles Related Articles ADHD ADHD is a common medical condition that can affect kids at school, at home, and in friendships. This article is for parents who want to learn more about ADHD and how to help kids get the best diagnosis and care. Read More Parenting a Teen With ADHD Parenting is as important as any other part of ADHD treatment. The way parents respond can make ADHD better (or worse). This article has parenting tips to help teens improve and do well. Read More Therapy for ADHD Therapy is part of the treatment for most kids and teens diagnosed with ADHD. This article helps parents learn what to expect and how therapy works. Read More ADHD Medicines Medicine doesn’t cure ADHD. But it does help boost a child's ability to pay attention, slow down, and have more self-control. This article for parents has details on how ADHD medicines help. Read More Taming Tempers Controlling outbursts can be difficult for kids - and helping them learn to do so is a tough job for the parents who love them. But just about every child can improve with the right coaching. Read More ADHD ADHD is a medical condition that makes it harder for kids to stay focused. Kids with ADHD can also be more fidgety than other kids their age. This article for kids explains how doctors decide a kid has ADHD and what they can do about it. Read More Mindfulness Mindfulness can help kids do better at everything from paying attention and focusing on schoolwork to getting on better with other people. This article for kids has tips on building this important skill. Read More Organize, Focus, Get It Done Being organized and focused seems easy for some kids. But for others, like kids with ADHD, it's not easy at all. This article for kids has tips to help you stay in control. Read More ADHD ADHD is a medical condition that affects how well someone can sit still, focus, and pay attention. This article for teens has the basics on ADHD. Read More ADHD: Tips to Try There's no quick fix for ADHD. But taking medicine and working with counselors can help. This article for teens has tips for handling school and relationships. Read More Mindfulness Mindfulness helps people do their best at things, whether that's focusing on a task or getting along with others. This article for teens has details on practicing mindfulness so you can make it work for you. Read More Organizing Schoolwork & Assignments It's not just for school: Mastering the skills of getting organized, staying focused, and seeing work through to the end will help in just about everything you do. Read More ADHD Medicines Medicine doesn’t cure ADHD. But it does help boost a person's ability to pay attention, slow down, and have more self-control. This article for teens has details on how ADHD medicines help. Read More ADHD Factsheet (for Schools) What teachers should know about ADHD, and teaching strategies to help students with ADHD succeed in school. Read More ADHD and School ADHD can affect a child's ability to do well in school and even make friends. This article for parents has tips on working with teachers to help your child succeed. Read More Therapy for ADHD Therapy is part of the treatment for most people diagnosed with ADHD. This article is for teens who want to know what to expect from therapy and how it works for ADHD. Read More Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2021 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com.