The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced it is investigating 450 possible cases of electronic cigarette-related lung disease across 33 states, including Kentucky and Indiana. The CDC confirmed five deaths, including one in Indiana. The CDC is cautioning consumers not to use e-cigarettes. If your kids are vaping, what can you do as a parent?
Outbreak of the severe lung disease associated with e-cigarettes
The CDC, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), state and local health departments, and other clinical and public health partners are investigating a multistate outbreak of severe lung disease associated with use of e-cigarette products (devices, liquids, refill pods and/or cartridges).
A preliminary report on cases of the condition in Illinois and Wisconsin was released this month by the New England Journal of Medicine. The median age of the 53 patients in the study is 19. The patients reported using nicotine, substances with THC, or both. According to the CDC, no single device, product or substance has been identified as a cause. E-cigarette fluids alone contain “at least six groups of potentially toxic compounds,” the report said, and suggested that the mixture of chemicals might create new toxins.
Public health officials including the CDC and the report’s authors state that this condition is a new phenomenon and not a recognition of an ongoing syndrome that has developed over time.
Youth vaping in Kentucky and Indiana
The most recent Youth Risk Behavior Survey shows that 15.1% of Kentucky middle schoolers and 44.5% high schoolers acknowledge trying some kind of vaping device. Almost 4% of middle schoolers and nearly 15% reported current use. Nearly 30% of Indiana 12th graders report vaping in the last month, according to the most recent Indiana Youth Survey. For Indiana students in seventh through 12th grade, 16.9% reported vaping in the past 30 days.
How to tell if my child vapes
For parents, it may be difficult to tell if their child is vaping. Many vaping devices look like everyday objects. Unlike with traditional cigarettes, there is no smoke, so it can be difficult to catch a child in the act. E-cigarettes create an aerosol by heating a liquid that usually contains nicotine, flavorings and other chemicals that help to make the aerosol that dissipates quickly. Here are some signs that may guide you to have a conversation with your child about vaping:
- Odd-looking items.Vaping devices can resemble items such as USB drives and pens. It may not look suspicious in a child’s backpack, but if you notice holes on each end of the device, you’ve found a vaping device. They also may look like more traditional smoking devices. Some vaping devices use refill pods, atomizers, cartridges, rechargeable batteries, organic cotton balls and thin metallic coils. Vaping devices also can be concealed in items like highlighters.
- Sweet smell that goes away quickly.Some kids may be drawn to scented and flavored vaping liquids; the most popular kinds can have a very sweet smell. Odorless liquids also can be vaped.
- Changes in thirst and taste.Much like traditional smoking, vaping affects the taste of food. If you notice your child using more spices or salt, that may be a clue. Vaping also makes the mouth dry. Unusual changes in your child’s thirst also could be a sign.
- Increased nosebleeds.As vapor is exhaled through the nostrils, it can dry out the nose, causing nosebleeds.
- Change in caffeine habits.Vaping can cause some to become more sensitive to the effects of caffeine. If you notice a change in your child, it may be time to look for other signs of vaping.
- Mouth sores, throat-clearing or cough.Studies show a link between mouth wounds that are slow to heal and a persistent cough akin to “smoker’s cough.”
Norton Children’s Medical Associates
What parents can do about vaping
Parents should have open, honest discussions about the health risks of smoking and vaping. You can be a role model and set a good example by not smoking or vaping. If you use tobacco or even vape yourself, consider quitting. There are many resources available to help people quit.
“If you want to talk to your child about smoking and vaping but you don’t know where to start, make an appointment with your pediatrician,” said Jennifer L. Segeleon, M.D., pediatrician with Norton Children’s Medical Associates – Lakeview. “Pediatricians are happy to discuss the health risks associated with vaping, smoking and other behaviors. In addition, consider asking other adults in your child’s life, such as teachers and coaches, to endorse the message that vaping is not good for your child.”
According to Dr. Segeleon, if your child is already vaping, ask him or her to quit. Provide resources and support , and talk to your pediatrician.
“It’s never too late to get on the right path with your health,” Dr. Segeleon said.