Baseball has been called our national pastime for decades. It's a lot of fun to play. But players are at risk for injuries from things like wild pitches, batted balls, and collisions in the field.

These safety tips can help protect you from injuries while playing baseball.

Safe Baseball Gear

Wearing and using the right gear can help prevent injuries. Safety rules for most leagues include:

  • Batting helmets must be worn whenever a player is at bat, waiting to bat, or running the bases. Some leagues may even require pitchers to wear them. Helmets should always fit properly and be worn correctly. If the helmet has a chin strap, it should be fastened. If it has an eye shield or other faceguard, this should be in good condition and securely attached to the helmet.
  • A catcher should always wear a helmet, facemask, throat guard, full-length chest protector, athletic supporter with a cup, shin guards, and a catcher's mitt whenever catching pitches, whether it's in the game, in the bullpen, or during warm-ups.
  • All players should wear athletic supporters. Most (particularly pitchers, catchers, and infielders) should wear protective cups.
  • Baseball spikes should have molded plastic cleats rather than metal ones. Most youth leagues don't allow spikes with metal cleats.

Some leagues have rules about not using aluminum bats, which hit the ball harder than other bats.

Some players also like to wear:

  • sliding pants that go under baseball pants to protect against scrapes and cuts
  • batting gloves that can keep hands from getting sore while hitting
  • shin guards and foot guards designed to protect against balls fouled straight down
  • a mouthguard

Safe Baseball Training

To prevent injuries during training:

  • Be in good shape before starting the season.
  • Always warm up and stretch before practice and games.
  • Stop training if you get hurt or feel pain. Get checked by an athletic trainer, coach, doctor, or nurse before going back to training.


Too much pitching can lead to serious injuries. These guidelines can help prevent pitching injuries:

  • Follow league rules for the maximum number of innings pitchers are allowed to throw. This is usually from four to 10 innings per week.
  • Follow the pitch count limits recommended by U.S.A. Little League and the American Sports Medicine Institute:
    • 13–16 years old: 95 pitches a day
    • 17–18 years old: 105 pitches a day
  • Pitchers younger than 14 should limit total pitches to less than 1,000 per season and 3,000 per year.
  • Pitchers should take at least 3 months off per year from overhead sports (i.e., sports that involve a lot of overhead arm movements, like baseball or volleyball).
  • If pitchers feel pain in their throwing arm, they should not pitch again until the pain goes away.

Safe Play

All coaches should emphasize safe, fair play. This includes knowing the rules and:

  • teaching players how to slide correctly
  • making sure the field is in good condition and has breakaway bases (bases that are not fixed)
  • having a first-aid kit available at all practices and games
Back to Articles

Related Articles

Sports and Exercise Safety

Playing hard doesn't have to mean getting hurt. The best way to ensure a long and injury-free athletic career is to play it safe from the start. Find out how.

Read More

Safety Tips: Snowboarding

Snowboarding is a great way to have fun, but it can also present some very real dangers. Follow these safety tips to learn how to stay safe on the slopes.

Read More

Safety Tips: Skateboarding

Skateboarding is undeniably cool, but it's also easy to get hurt. Keep it safe while skateboarding with these safety tips.

Read More

Safety Tips: Skiing

There's a lot to love about skiing, but it can also present some very real dangers. Follow these tips to stay safe on the slopes.

Read More

Safety Tips: Sledding

Sledding is a lot of fun, but can also cause injuries, some of them pretty serious. To keep yourself safe while sledding, follow these safety tips.

Read More

Choosing the Right Sport for You

If you're having trouble choosing a sport, this article can help!

Read More

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2021 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and