Ready to Explore

Kids ages 3-5 have tons of energy and are eager to walk, run, dance, and play. It's a great age for exploration too. Preschoolers learn a lot when given the chance to investigate their environments (with supervision, of course).

There's much for preschoolers to explore. Now that they're older, they can focus their energy and tackle more complex activities like playing dress-up, riding trikes, planting seeds, or building something out of snow.

With patience and some imagination, you can help your preschooler be a safe and happy explorer.

Encouraging Exploration

Here are some things to keep in mind:

Hang back. Resist the urge to give your child too many directions or too much correction. Try offering encouragement instead. If your child wants to use her shoe as a hat or a pretend teacup, so be it. The language you use can make a difference. Say, "That makes a great hat!" or "How does that tea taste?"

If your child is doing something unsafe, gently correct or distract. For example, explain the real use of an object ("The pot is for cooking, not bonking your little brother"), then encourage exploration of more acceptable uses for it, such as getting a spoon and using the pot as a drum or to make a pretend soup.

You can suggest ideas for play, but chances are your child may have a different activity in mind — or might stumble onto something intriguing. Allowing kids some time without intervention can help them develop their creativity and learn to master tasks on their own.

Mistakes are OK. Trial-and-error is a brilliant teacher. Letting go enough to let your child fail in a small way (like being unsuccessful at working a zipper) is good for both of you. When your child begins to do something incorrectly and gets frustrated, offer encouragement. You also can provide opportunities to keeping working at the skill that's being mastered. Then one day soon, your child will be zippering like a champ.

Activity Ideas for Preschoolers

You don't have to go anywhere special to encourage exploration. Here are some easy ways to do it:

Splash It Up

Kids at this age love water and wet sensations. Find safe household items or look for stuff in the yard that could be washed and examined. What happens to a leaf when it gets wet? What about a rock? Set them up in an area that can get wet — outside, in the bathtub, at a table with a waterproof cloth on it and the floor below — and let them wash, rinse, dunk, and splash! As always, be sure to supervise kids closely during water play.

Please Touch

Making "touch bowls" of things like corn kernels, flour, dried beans, rice, dry spiral pasta, or sand can give children interesting things to feel, grasp, dump, and pour. Be sure to supervise so no one tries to eat what's in the bowls.

Act It Out

Preschoolers also enjoy role-playing games. Provide safe props for everyday tasks like going grocery shopping, cooking dinner, or going to work. And give them a box of old clothes, hats, and other accessories so they can dress whatever part they're playing.

Create a Work of Art

It may end up being abstract art, but that's OK. Fill a "creation box" with drawing materials, stickers, clay, pipe cleaners, straws, and blocks. Lay down newspaper inside, or on a warm day, let them create outdoors.

Watch Nature

With child-safe binoculars and a magnifying glass, kids can explore the great outdoors. This can work in your backyard in or any nature-rich environment.

When it's safe to do so, let your child lead the way. Stay a pace or two behind and let your child make the discoveries. It's fun when mom or dad points out a ladybug scooting across a leaf. But if you're a preschooler, it's even more fun when you can call out, "Hey, Mom. Look at this!"

Back to Articles


Related Articles

Music and Your Preschooler

Most preschoolers love music, and it does more than entertain. Research shows that kids who are actively involved in music develop important life skills too.

Read More

Motivating Preschoolers to Be Active

A preschooler's desire to move, move, move makes this a great time to encourage fitness habits that can last a lifetime.

Read More

Should Your Preschooler Play Sports?

Team sports can be too complicated for the average preschooler. Here are some fun and easy ways to keep them active.

Read More

Helping Your Child Adjust to Preschool

The more comfortable you are with placing your child in preschool and the more familiar the setting is for your child, the fewer problems you - and your child - will encounter.

Read More

Sleep and Your Preschooler

Preschoolers sleep about 11 to 12 hours during each 24-hour period, and it's important to help them develop good habits for getting to sleep.

Read More

Cooking With Preschoolers

It may take a little flexibility and prep work, but time in the kitchen with your preschooler can be a culinary adventure you'll both enjoy.

Read More

Raising a Fit Preschooler

Preschoolers have a lot of energy, and the physical skills and coordination to ride a tricycle or chase a butterfly.

Read More

Is Your Preschooler Too Active?

Preschoolers need lots of physical activity, so it's best to work with their high energy levels by keeping them safe while giving them opportunities to play.

Read More

Play & Learn Center

Play is the building block of childhood. It teaches kids about their world. Here, learn what activities inspire and motivate, and which toys are not only safer, but smarter, too.

Read More

Story Time for Preschoolers

Reading aloud to your preschooler is a great way to encourage learning development and to help prepare your child for independent reading down the line.

Read More

Safe Exploring for Toddlers

Toddlers are learning to talk, to walk and run, and to assert their independence. For many in this age group, "outside" and "play" are common requests.

Read More

What's Funny to a Preschooler?

Your preschooler is finding new things funny while developing a better understanding of the world - and is eager to show off new ways to be playful and laugh with you.

Read More

Snacks for Preschoolers

Healthy and well-timed snacks can help fill in nutritional gaps for preschoolers. But how do you turn yours into a smart snacker?

Read More

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2019 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com.

Search our entire site.