During these early months, you might have many questions about your baby's health. Most doctors have phone hours when parents can call with routine questions. Don't hesitate to call with your concerns, no matter how minor they might seem. Of course, if you think your baby could have an illness, don't wait for phone hours — call your doctor immediately. As in the newborn period, illness at this age needs immediate attention. How often you see the doctor in the first 2 months will depend on your baby's health, but most infants are seen at 1 month and again at 2 months for routine care. Babies are checked for growth, development, and feeding, among other things. These regular checkups also let your doctor follow up on any concerns from earlier checkups and are a chance for you to ask questions. What Happens at the Office Visit During these early months, your doctor will check your baby's progress and growth. Common parts of a checkup include: weight, length, and head circumference measurements that are plotted on your baby's growth chart a physical exam with special attention to any previous problems assessing development (for example, head control, cooing, and smiling) questions about how you're doing with your baby advice about feeding and other aspects of nutrition what to expect during the coming months, including a discussion about safety precautions immunizations during some visits Bring up any questions you have, and write down the answers or specific instructions the doctor gives you. At home, update your baby's medical record, tracking growth and any problems or illnesses. Vaccines At 1–2 months old, your baby should receive the second dose of the hepatitis B vaccine (HBV). At 2 months, your baby will get other immunizations: DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis) vaccine Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) vaccine IPV (polio vaccine) PCV (pneumococcal) vaccines RV (rotavirus vaccine) possibly HBV (hepatitis B vaccine), if not previously given Babies at high risk for meningococcal disease, which can lead to bacterial meningitis and other serious conditions, may get the meningococcal vaccine. (Otherwise, the meningococcal vaccine is routinely given at 11–12 years old.) Vaccines protect against serious childhood illnesses. Vaccines, like any other medicine, may cause reactions (usually mild), such as fever or irritability. Be sure to discuss side effects with your doctor and get guidelines for when to call the office. When Should I Call the Doctor? Some common medical problems at this age may need a doctor's attention, including: diarrhea and vomiting, which could be caused by an infection and put your infant at risk for dehydration ear infections; a baby with an ear infection may become irritable, and could have a fever rashes, which are common in infants. Some may not seem to bother your baby, but skin conditions like eczema can result in dry, itchy skin. Your doctor can recommend lotions, creams, and soaps to try. upper respiratory tract infections (including the common cold), which affect infants just like the rest of us. Babies can't blow their own noses, so you may need to help clear mucus with a rubber bulb aspirator. Don't give your baby any medicines without checking first with your doctor. Call the doctor's office right away if your baby has trouble breathing, refuses to eat, has a rectal temperature above 100.4°F (38°C), or is excessively cranky or sleepy. Again, don't hesitate to contact the doctor's office about any health or behavior concerns. Back to Articles Related Articles Pregnancy & Newborn Center Advice and information for expectant and new parents. Read More Your Child's Checkups These age-specific guides can help you be prepared for and keep track of your well-child visits. Read More Your Baby's Growth: 1 Month Put away those newborn clothes. This month your baby will grow at a surprising rate! Read More Sleep and Your 1- to 3-Month-Old At this age, babies generally have their days and nights straightened out. Many infants even "sleep through the night," which means 5 or 6 hours at a time. Read More Your Baby's Hearing, Vision, and Other Senses: 1 Month Your baby is experiencing the first sights, sounds, and smells of the world through all five senses. What are your baby's responses to light, noise, touch, and familiar faces? 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Read More Childproofing and Preventing Household Accidents You might think of babies and toddlers when you hear the words "babyproofing" or "childproofing," but unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in kids 14 and under. Read More How Vaccines Help (Video) Vaccines help keep kids healthy, but many parents still have questions about them. Get answers here. Read More Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2021 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com.