What to Expect During This Visit

Your doctor and/or nurse will probably:

Get teens involved in their medical care

1. Check your teen's weight and height, calculate body mass index (BMI), and plot the measurements on growth charts.

2. Check your teen's blood pressure, vision, and possibly hearing.

3. Ask questions, address concerns, and offer advice about your teen's:

Eating. Teens should eat three meals a day that include lean protein, whole grains, at least five servings of fruits and vegetables, and three servings of low-fat or nonfat dairy products or milk alternatives.

Sleeping. Teens need about 8 to 10 hours of sleep per night. Poor sleep is common during the teen years and can hurt school and athletic performance. Biological changes make teens want to stay up later, but early school start times can make it hard for them to get enough sleep. Encourage your teen to follow a relaxing bedtime routine. Digital devices, like phones and computers, should be turned off before bed.

Physical activity. Teens should aim for 60 minutes of physical activity per day. Encourage your teen to limit screen time to no more than 2 hours daily, not including time spent on homework. Set a good example by limiting your own screen time and exercising daily.

Growth and development. By age 15, it's common for teens to:

  • if female, have gotten their first period by now. If your daughter hasn't, talk to your doctor.
  • if male, to show signs of pubertal development, including testicular enlargement, penile lengthening, and the growth of pubic hair
  • be influenced by their peer group
  • explore different identities to help them find where they fit in
  • have sexual feelings. This includes an interest in dating and relationships, exploring one's sexuality, and becoming aware of sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • begin to think abstractly and reflect on how to make decisions, but still be impulse-driven and not think about the consequences of their actions
  • want to engage in risky behaviors

4. Do a physical exam. The doctor will look at the skin, listen to the heart and lungs, check the back for curvature of the spine, and check for puberty development. A chaperone should be present during the exam.

5. Update immunizations. Immunizations can protect people from serious illnesses, so it's important that your teen receive them on time. Immunization schedules can vary from office to office, so talk to your doctor about what to expect.

6. Order tests. Your doctor may assess your teen's risk for anemia, high cholesterol, tuberculosis, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Looking Ahead

Here are some things to keep in mind until your teen's next checkup at 16 years:


  1. Encourage your teen to participate in a variety of activities, such as music, arts, sports, after-school clubs, and other activities of interest.
  2. Encourage your teen to take responsibility for schoolwork. Praise accomplishments and provide support in areas where your teen struggles.
  3. Talk about future college or work plans. If your teen is having trouble in school, find out if bullying, depression, or learning or attention problems are to blame.


  1. Spend time with your teen every day. Share mealtimes, be active together, and talk about things that are important to your teen.
  2. Praise good choices and include your teen in decision-making.
  3. Set rules and explain your expectations. Have fair consequences for rule-breaking.
  4. Encourage your teen to wait until he or she is older to engage in sexual activity with others. Explain the risk of STDs and unwanted pregnancy. If he or she is sexually active, discuss the importance of birth control and condom use.
  5. Your teen should brush his or her teeth twice daily, floss once a day, and see a dentist once every 6 months.
  6. Explain to your teen the dangers of smoking, vaping, alcohol, and drugs. Talk about prescription drug misuse. Praise your teen for abstaining from these activities.
  7. Look for signs of depression, which can include irritability, depressed mood, loss of interest in activities, poor academic performance, and talk of suicide.
  8. Encourage your teen to take charge of medical care by learning to schedule doctor's appointments, order prescriptions, and care for any ongoing health problems.


  1. Teens should always wear a seatbelt while in a vehicle.
  2. As your teen starts driving, set limits for the number of passengers allowed and what hours he or she may drive. Explain the dangers of texting and other device use while driving.
  3. Talk about the dangers of drinking and driving and tell your teen to never get in a car with someone who has been drinking or using drugs. Instead, let your teen know to always call you for help.
  4. Make sure your teen knows about online safety, cyberbullying, and the wise use of social media.
  5. Prevent gun injuries by not keeping a gun in the home. If you do have a gun, keep it unloaded and locked away. Ammunition should be locked up separately. Make sure kids cannot access the keys.
  6. Talk to your doctor if you're concerned about your living situation. Do you have enough food, a safe place to live, and health insurance? Your doctor can tell you about community resources or refer you to a social worker.

These checkup sheets are consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)/Bright Futures guidelines.

Back to Articles

Related Articles

Your Child's Checkups

These age-specific guides can help you be prepared for and keep track of your well-child visits.

Read More

Communication and Your 13- to 18-Year-Old

Teens spend much of the day outside the home, but it's important that you take time every day to talk with your teen to share opinions, ideas, and information.

Read More

Helping Your Teen Decide What to Do After High School

Helping to prepare your teen for life after high school is one of the most important tasks you will have as a parent.

Read More

Fitness and Your 13- to 18-Year-Old

Kids who enjoy exercise tend to stay active throughout their lives. Learn how to encourage fitness in your teen.

Read More

Helping Your Teen With Homework

Parents can play a crucial role in helping teens succeed in school by lending a little help, support, and guidance, and by knowing what problems demand their involvement and which ones require them to hang back.

Read More

A Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen Years

You've lived through 2 AM feedings, toddler temper tantrums, and the back-to-school blues. So why is the word "teenager" causing you so much anxiety?

Read More

Growth and Your 13- to 18-Year-Old

Kids entering puberty will undergo many changes in their developing bodies. Find out more about what to expect.

Read More

Talking to Your Child About Periods

Kids reaching puberty should already know what's going to happen to their bodies. Here are some tips for talking to your daughter about menstruation.

Read More

Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are common among teens and kids, especially young women. Read about the warning signs, prevention strategies, and ways to help a child with an eating disorder.

Read More

How Vaccines Help (Video)

Vaccines help keep kids healthy, but many parents still have questions about them. Get answers here.

Read More

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2021 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com.