Carbohydrate Counting Say: kar-bo-hi-drate kown-ting Carbohydrates ("carbs") are found in food. Eating them increases blood sugar levels. That's why many people with diabetes count their carbohydrates to keep track of how much they're eating. Carb counting helps them select the right dose of insulin. The dose should match the amount of carbs a person eats, so that blood sugar levels stay under control. Back to Articles Related Articles Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2021 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com.