The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has changed daily life. But many parents and caregivers need to go to work, and wonder if it's safe to send their kids to childcare.

This decision is a personal one. When thinking about childcare options, you'll have to weigh the need for work with the health and safety of your family. Only you will know when the time is right — and what situation is best for your child.

Here are some steps to take and questions to ask before making a choice about childcare.

Step 1: Find Out About Coronavirus Cases in Your Area

First, you'll want to know if the number of coronavirus cases in your area is increasing, decreasing, or staying the same. Maybe you live in an area that hasn't been hit hard by the pandemic.

Call your local health department for this information, or visit their website. You also can check your local newspaper. Many news outlets regularly report this information by area or zip code.

Step 2: Consider the Health Risks

Some people are more likely to get very ill from coronavirus. This includes adults over 65 years old and people of any age who have other health conditions, such as asthma, diabetes, or immune system problems. Babies younger than 12 months old might get sicker from coronavirus than older kids.

If your child is under 1 year old, has a health condition, or lives with someone who has a health condition, you'll want to weigh the risk of your child's exposure to germs in the community. Talk to your doctor if you have questions about this.

Step 3: Know Limits on Group Gatherings

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends against large group gatherings. Many states and cities have their own limits on group gatherings. Find out the guidelines in your area and ask about group sizes as you check out childcare options.

Step 4: Ask Questions and Put Safety First

Whether you're thinking about sending your child back to your regular care provider or finding a new one, put safety first and weigh the pros and cons. Before you make a decision, ask about:

  • The number of children allowed. How many children will be cared for? Will the center operate at partial or full capacity?
  • Group sizes. How many kids will be together in a group or class? Will small groups be the same every day and always have the same teacher or caregiver?
  • Staggered shifts. Will the center stagger activities so that fewer kids eat, play, or nap together at once?
  • Physical distancing. How will they keep kids 6 feet apart during mealtimes, activities, and naps? Are there enough rooms or areas so groups can stay separated?
  • Drop-off and pick-up. What are the drop-off and pick-up procedures? Do they have staggered times and curbside drop-off and pick-up?

Ask about the steps they'll take to stop the spread of germs while kids are there. How will they identify any sick people and report possible exposures? Find out about:

  • Health screening. How will children and staff be screened before entering the center? Will staff ask about symptoms and take temperatures? 
  • Health monitoring. How are kids and staff members monitored throughout the day? What's the process for isolating someone who gets sick? How will they let you know if your child was in contact with a kid or staff member who gets sick?
  • Hand washing. What are the hand-washing policies for children and staff? What's the availability of water, soap, and hand sanitizer?
  • Face masks and gloves. Who will need to wear face coverings (or masks) and gloves? Children under 2 years old should not wear masks.
  • Cleaning. How will surfaces, toys, playground and sports equipment, and other items be cleaned and disinfected? How often will they be cleaned?

Having this information will help you make the best decision for your child and family.

Back to Articles

Related Articles

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Is it Safe to Send Kids Back to School?

Parents are wondering whether it's safe to send their kids back to school during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Here are some things to think about as you decide.

Read More

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Kids & Medical Care During the Pandemic

During the COVID-19 pandemic, kids should still see their doctors for well-child visits and other care. Here's what parents should know.

Read More

Coronavirus (COVID-19): What Do Quarantine and Isolation Mean?

Some people with COVID-19 might need to stay home and away from others for a set time. This is known as isolation or quarantine. Find out what this means.

Read More

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Caring for Kids With Special Health Needs

During the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, kids with special health care needs still need routine care. But how they get it might change.

Read More

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Keeping Families Healthy

We're spending more time at home to help prevent the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). Here are some tips to keep everyone active and eating well while you are at home.

Read More

Coronavirus (COVID-19): How to Protect Babies and Toddlers

Children must be over age 2 to wear a face covering or mask. So parents might wonder how they can help protect their babies and toddlers from coronavirus (COVID-19).

Read More

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Information for Teachers

Everyone has questions about coronavirus (COVID-19), including how it affects schools, students, and teachers. Here are answers to some common questions.

Read More

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic: What to Do if Your Child Is Sick

There's still much to learn about COVID-19. Still, parents wonder what to do if their child gets sick during the pandemic. Here's what doctors say to do if your child has coronavirus symptoms.

Read More

Understanding Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Looking for information about coronavirus (COVID-19)? Our articles and videos explain what the virus is, ways to prevent it from spreading, what it means for school and learning, and much more.

Read More

Camps for Kids With Special Needs

There are many camp choices for kids with special needs. From highly specialized camps to regular camps that accommodate kids with special needs, options abound.

Read More

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2021 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and