Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Norton Children’s board-certified neurosurgeons are led by Thomas M. Moriarity, M.D., Ph.D., a recognized leader in the field with deep experience and specialized training.
Our specialized physicians in Louisville and Southern Indiana have the sophisticated tools and skill to give you and your child a precise diagnosis and a treatment plan for a concussion that minimizes risk, so your child can get back to being a kid.
Concerned your child may have suffered a concussion?
Download the Brain Injury Book for Parents
A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that results from the sudden, rapid movement of the brain back and forth. It can be caused by a bump or blow to the head, or by a hit to the body that results in a whipping of the head and brain. This shaking or rattling of the brain stretches and damages brain cells, creating chemical changes in the brain that affect the mind and body. Concussions can be classified as mild or severe, but all are serious and warrant professional medical help.
Concussion symptoms: What to look for?
- Headache or a feeling of pressure in the head
- Difficulty concentrating
- Confusion or dizziness
- Ringing in the ears
- Sensitivity to light and sound
- Nausea or vomiting
- Slurred speech
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates nearly 4 million sports-related concussions occur every year in the United States, many of which involve kids and young teens. Sports and athletics are a focal point of many conversations about concussions. However, mild traumatic brain injuries can occur in a variety of nonsports activities as well. Experts believe millions of concussions go untreated because people fail to recognize the signs.
What to do for a concussion?
Concussions and other traumatic brain injuries should always be taken seriously. You should not self diagnose or treat, as there are many myths and misconceptions. Medical professionals at Norton Children’s Hospital will perform a thorough examination and physical to determine whether your child has had a concussion, and they will walk you through the treatment process.
Surgery typically is not required to treat concussions. However, neurosurgeons’ experience with severe brain injuries makes them good consultants on brain imaging and other processes related to diagnosing and treating. Collaboration and multidisciplinary teams are core components of the entire Norton health care system, which means your child has a wealth of resources available to them. The Norton Healthcare system includes Norton Sports Health, which has developed a Sports Neurology Program focused on protecting and treating young athletes.
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