Kids with diabetes are the ones getting blood tests and insulin injections, but they can be a challenge for parents, too. Your child's diabetes health care team will help you both learn to manage the disease and minimize the pain and anxiety surrounding injections and blood tests. The team also may tell you about testing technologies and medicines that offer the most convenience and least discomfort. Together, you and the diabetes health care team can find the most comfortable solutions available. Dealing With Feelings When kids are very young, blood tests and injections can be especially difficult. A parent needs to enforce diabetes management, which can include regular testing and giving shots to a child who cries, resists, and gets angry. Learning how to manage diabetes is a process. Even if your child has been cooperating with blood tests and injections for a while, a new fear or emotional issue may crop up that could make a test or shot difficult. To help manage feelings about diabetes, including anger, frustration, and fear about testing and injections, let your child know that it's OK to be worried about or dislike the shot or test. Talk openly about these fears. Kids need to be able to express their frustration and know that it's OK to be upset. It also can help to describe the need for injections and blood testing in kid terms. For example, you might explain that the shots and blood tests help keep your child feeling good throughout the day — and that not getting them could mean having to stay home from school or miss fun activities because of diabetes problems. Treating tests and shots in the same matter-of-fact way that you would treat any other part of the daily routine also might help. And many kids like to have a sense of ownership and control of diabetes. Instead of feeling like victims of the tests and injections, they'll feel more in charge of their own health. Young kids might select a needle, read the glucose meter test result aloud, choose the spot or finger for testing, or press the plunger on the syringe. Encourage your child to take more control gradually as age allows — eventually, kids are ready to handle testing and injections on their own (although parents should continue to supervise). If your child argues or cries, you might be tempted to skip an injection or test just this once. But you shouldn't negotiate blood tests or shots. They're necessary and not optional. The first time you're talked out of one, you'll set a precedent that your child won't forget. Sometimes, you'll need to just do the injection or test, even if your child is upset and uncooperative. Afterward, you might reward yourselves with something fun like playing a game or reading, and then talk to your child about why he or she was so upset. If your child is especially fearful of injections and every test or shot is a battle, your doctor or a counselor or mental health professional can help you address this. Having both parents (or one parent plus another caregiver) involved in the diabetes management process will help keep treatment consistent and also provide support as you deal with struggles over shots and blood tests. Making Injections and Blood Tests Easier These general tips can help make testing and injections easier: Get ready. Prepare the insulin and testing materials beforehand — out of your child's sight, if possible — to minimize the time you need to spend on the procedure. Keep it short. Try to keep the time that you spend on injections as short, relaxed, and calm as possible. Vary testing and injection sites. Don't use the same one for consecutive tests or shots. Make the most of mealtime. For babies, giving the injection or blood test during breastfeeding or bottle-feeding may help to reduce discomfort. Use insulin at room temperature and wait until the alcohol from the swab dries before you give the injection to minimize discomfort. Try ice. Rub the injection site with an ice cube wrapped in a plastic bag or washcloth to numb the skin before giving the injection. This isn't necessary for the shot to work, but can help your child feel better. Find a distraction. Kids may feel less discomfort and stress if they blow into a whistle or party blower, count, sing, hug a toy, or think of something good when getting an injection. An older child might prefer to wear headphones or watch a video during shots. Keep teddy handy. Your child might relax with a special doll or stuffed animal to hold during the injection or blood test. Offer rewards. You might use stickers or other small prizes to encourage cooperation. Your child could add a sticker to a chart after every injection or blood test to mark the achievement. Don't use food or beverages as rewards, though. Give praise if your child is cooperative. But don't make your child feel bad about being uncooperative. Give hugs afterward. You might also play a game or read a book of your child's choosing after blood tests or injections. Enlist backup. If your teen is reluctant to have tests and injections, it might help to get a counselor or support group involved. Hearing about the importance of shots and blood tests from another adult or health professional may help you to avoid nagging, which could only increase your teen's reluctance. Get support. Talk to other parents of kids with diabetes — whether in support groups, in person, or on the Internet — about what methods work best for them. You might also find others to talk to about the stress that you deal with in managing your child's diabetes. Back to Articles Related Articles How to Give an Insulin Injection This step-by-step graphic shows how to give an insulin injection. Read More Treating Type 2 Diabetes Kids who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes will need a diabetes management plan to help them manage the condition and stay healthy and active. Read More Talking to Your Child About Diabetes Learn all you can about diabetes so you'll be better prepared to talk about it with your child. Read More Your Child's Diabetes Health Care Team When you have a child with diabetes, you and your family have a lot to learn, but you don't have to go it alone. Your child's diabetes health care team can help. Read More Diabetes Center Does your child have type 1 or type 2 diabetes? Learn how to manage the disease and keep your child healthy. Read More 5 Tips for Surviving Shots If you're afraid of shots, you're not alone. Next time your doc asks you to roll up your sleeve, try these tips. Read More Medicines for Diabetes For most kids with diabetes, taking medicine is an important part of staying healthy. Find out more in this article for kids. Read More Definition: Insulin Injections Although researchers are testing other ways to give insulin, it's only available now in a form that must be injected just under the skin. Read More Word! Insulin Injections Insulin is an important hormone that keeps your body working. If a person doesn't make enough of this substance, he or she may need to get insulin injections. Read More Definition: Insulin Injections Although researchers are testing other ways to give insulin, it's only available now in a form that must be injected just under the skin. Read More Diabetes Center Our Diabetes Center provides information and advice for teens about treating and living with diabetes. Read More How to Give an Insulin Injection This step-by-step graphic shows how to give an insulin injection. Read More A Kid's Guide to Shots If you're old enough to read this, you've probably had most of your shots. But even bigger kids may need a shot once in a while. Find out more about them in this article for kids. Read More Diabetes Center Diabetes means a problem with insulin, an important hormone in the body. Find out how children with diabetes can stay healthy and do the normal stuff kids like to do. Read More Carbohydrates and Diabetes Meal plans can help kids with diabetes balance carbs with medications and exercise to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. Read More Diabetes Control: Why It's Important You've probably heard your child's doctor talk a lot about diabetes control. What is it and why is it important? Read More Diabetes: Dealing With Feelings If your child has diabetes, you may spend a lot of time thinking about the physical effects. But it's also important to understand the emotional issues surrounding a diabetes diagnosis. Read More Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2021 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. 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