Scoliosis Say: sko-lee-oh-sis Scoliosis is an abnormal curve of the spine, also known as the backbone. Most scoliosis is mild, but for those who need it, back braces and special surgery can help many kids stand up to scoliosis. Back to Articles Related Articles Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. © 1995-2021 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com.